Sustainability indicators

(All sustainability indicators and other tables of the report are also available as Excel files in our download center)

Thinking for the long term, acting with responsibility, creating transparency in communications: Munich Airport prepares a report on its efforts in the field of sustainability in accordance with the highest standards.

Company and management

Value generated / GRI standard 201-1

Group in € million 2017 2016 2015 1)
Revenue 1,468.7 1,364.1 1,249.3
+ Other income 44.1 66.6 60.3
Total revenue 1,512.8 1,430.7 1,309.6
+ Income from investments 2.1 1.5 1.6
Minus Non-personnel expenses -510.7 -449.2 -415.0
Minus Depreciation and amortization -217.6 -239.1 -214.3
= Value generated 786.6 743.9 681.9
1) 2015 values adjusted in accordance with IAS 8

Value distributed / GRI standard 201-1

Group in € million 2017 2016 2015 1)
Employees 482.1 452.5 400.3
Lenders (netted) 75.3 81.6 83.2
Public sector 70.4 58.2 55.1
Munich Airport Group 158.8 151.6 143.3
       
= Value generated 786.6 743.9 681.9
1) 2015 values adjusted in accordance with IAS 8      

The value generated calculation represents the difference between the service provided by the company and the value of the advance services required.

The distribution statement shows the proportions distributed to those involved in the value creation process – employees, the public sector, and lenders. Payments provided by FMG to the public sector include taxes. The interest on the loans to shareholders is included under the «Lenders» recipient group. The income from investments includes the income from companies valued using the equity method and income from the transfer of profit from non-consolidated entities. The non-personnel expenses include the cost of materials and other expenses.

Air traffic indicators / GRI AO1, AO2, AO3

  2017 2016 2015
Total passenger volume 44,594,516 42,277,692 40,998,553
Total commercial traffic 1) 44,577,241 42,261,309 40,981,522
Scheduled and charter traffic 44,556,053 42,241,902 40,961,424
Other commercial traffic 1) 21,188 19,407 20,098
Non-commercial traffic 1) 17,275 16,383 17,031
Total aircraft movements 404,505 394,430 379,911
Total commercial traffic 1) 395,047 385,081 370,348
Scheduled and charter traffic 383,934 374,057 360,009
Other commercial traffic) 1) 11,113 11,024 10,339
General air traffic (non-commercial traffic) 1) 9,458 9,349 9,563
Seating capacity utilization in % 76.5 75.1 76.6
Cargo throughput      
Cargo and airmail carried in t 378,803 353,650 336,162
Traffic units (TU) of commercial traffic 48,334,296 45,709,334 44,234,684
1) For term definitions see the Annual Statistics Report 2017

Passenger indicators (commercial traffic only) / GRI AO1

  2017 2016 2015
  Total Domestic International Total Domestic International Total Domestic International
Total commercial traffic 44,577,241 9,841,103 34,736,138 42,261,309 9,632,163 32,629,146 40,981,522 9,585,642 31,395,880
Arrivals 22,340,548 4,917,320 17,423,228 21,142,346 4,816,340 16,326,006 20,474,755 4,771,295 15,703,460
Departures 22,205,715 4,916,814 17,288,901 21,030,482 4,803,413 16,227,069 20,398,313 4,805,150 15,593,163
Transit passengers 1) 30,978 6,969 24,009 88,481 12,410 76,071 108,454 9,197 99,257
                   
Number of O&D passengers 2) in millions 28.3 - - 27.0 - - 26.2 - -
Number of transfer passengers in millions 16.2 - - 15.2 - - 14.8 - -
Transfer passengers in % 3) 36 - - 36 - - 36 - -
1) Transit passengers are passengers who fly into the airport and continue their trip on the same aircraft. Transit passengers are only counted when landing.
2) Origin & Destination passengers are passengers who start or end their trip at the airport.
3) The proportion of transfer passengers is based on departure passenger surveys.

Aircraft movements 1) / GRI AO2

  2017 2016 2015
  Total Arrivals Departures Total Arrivals Departures Total Arrivals Departures
Passenger flights, scheduled/charter 380,119 189,996 190,123 369,561 184,699 184,862 355,565 177,689 177,876
Domestic 87,977 43,965 44,012 87,000 43,521 43,479 85,115 42,571 42,544
International 292,142 146,031 146,111 282,561 141,178 141,383 270,450 135,118 135,332
Cargo flights, scheduled/charter 3,619 1,795 1,824 4,047 2,014 2,033 4,001 1,990 2,011
Domestic 1,518 800 718 1,515 810 705 1,475 772 703
International 2,101 995 1,106 2,532 1,204 1,328 2,526 1,218 1,308
Airmail flights, scheduled/charter 196 98 98 449 225 224 443 222 221
Domestic 196 98 98 449 225 224 443 222 221
International - - - - - - - - -
General air traffic 20,571 10,363 10,208 20,373 10,272 10,101 19,902 10,062 9,840
Domestic 8,454 4,355 4,099 8,413 4,338 4,075 8,669 4,395 4,274
International 12,117 6,008 6,109 11,960 5,934 6,026 11,233 5,667 5,566
Total 404,505 202,252 202,253 394,430 197,210 197,220 379,911 189,963 189,948
1) Military flights are not included.

Cargo tonnage (commercial handling) / GRI AO3

In t 2017 2016 2015
  Cargo handled Incoming cargo Outgoing cargo Cargo handled Incoming cargo Outgoing cargo Cargo handled Incoming cargo Outgoing cargo
Cargo-only flights 52,011 16,875 35,136 62,056 17,956 44,099 55,668 16,922 38,746
Bellyhold cargo on passenger flights 310,820 136,641 174,179 272,441 113,912 158,529 261,719 108,863 152,856
Total on all flights 362,831 153,516 209,315 334,497 131,868 202,628 317,387 125,785 191,602

Munich Airport received 55.31 complaints for every one million passengers handled in 2017. Given a 5.5-percent increase in passenger figures, the number of complaints rose from 2,291 to 2,467 (+7.7 percent) compared to 2016. The key issues for the fiscal year 2017 were the categories of airport facilities, baggage collection, and passport and security checks. Complaints about airport facilities increased by over 50 percent compared to the previous year. The causes for these complaints included the relaunch of the website, the renovation of the bathroom facilities in Terminal 2 (low availability at times), and multiple PTS failures¹) causing connecting flights to be missed. Long waiting times, the frequent output of baggage on the wrong baggage conveyor belt (Terminal 2), and a lack of contact persons in the baggage collection area are the reasons for an almost 25-percent increase in complaints in the area of baggage collection. The number of passengers providing feedback increased by 75 (+41 percent) at passport control in both terminal areas. The 10-percent increase in complaints about security checks was due to the test lining in front of the checkpoint in Terminal 2. The switchover to the new system means it is no longer possible to directly compare key issues with the figures from 2015. The categories were redefined based on the passenger chain.

1) PTS: Passenger transport system that links Terminal 2 to the satellite building

Dialog management / GRI standard 102-43, 102-44

Number of entries 2017 2016 2015
Total complaints 2,467 2,291 1,677
Number of complaints on key issues      
Airline 191 218  
Airport facility 761 492  
Baggage collection 232 188  
Parking 82 197  
Passport control 258 183  
Security checks 350 318  

Firefighting service deployments / GRI standard 417-1

  2017 2016 2015
Total alarms 3,555 3,487 3,891
False alarms 737 649 658
Number of deployments 2,818 2,838 3,233
Technical support jobs 1,846 1,978 1,970
Security monitoring jobs 1) 833 740 1,149
Firefighting jobs 139 120 114
First-responder deployments 2) 164 155 123
1) On-call service where the Airport Rescue and Firefighting service attends certain situations with particularly high risk levels in order to provide immediate support should a risk occur.
2) First aid until the arrival of the public rescue service.

Employees and society

Donations and sponsorship 1) / GRI standard 413-1

Proportion of total budget in % 2017 2016 2015
Sport 39 35 36
Social welfare 30 31 30
Education 12 15 17
Culture 16 18 17
Environment (new from 2016) 3 1 -
1) The annual sponsoring budget is linked to FMG’s external sales.

As from 2017, all personnel figures include AeroGround Berlin, HSD, and MAI, unless specified otherwise.

Total workforce / GRI standard 102-8, 405-1

Group 2017 2016 2015
  Women Proportion in % 3) Men Proportion in % 3) Total Proportion in % 3) Total Proportion in % 3) Total Proportion in % 3)
Total number of employees 1) 3,151 33.47 6,262 66.53 9,413 100.00 8,502 100.00 8,016 100.00
Full- and part-time employees 1)                    
Full-time 1,948 20.69 5,212 55.37 7,160 76.07 6,827 80.30 6,419 80.08
Part-time 1,203 12.78 1,050 11.15 2,253 23.93 1,675 19.70 1,597 19.92
Employment contracts 1)                    
Temporary 531 5.64 618 6.57 1,149 12.21 1,388 16.33 1,218 15.19
Permanent 2,620 27.83 5,644 59.96 8,264 87.79 7,114 83.67 6,798 84.81
Other employees 282   598   880   804   889  
Apprentices 141   134   275   274 - 269 -
Interns 25   13   38   42 - 43 -
Workers in minor employment 96   173   269   291 - 275 -
Temporary workers 20   278   298   197 - 302 -
Total employees including other employees of the Group 3,433   6,860   10,293   9,306   8,905  
Employees on the airport campus 2)         34,720   34,720   34,720  
                     
FMG 2017 2016 2015
  Women Proportion in % 3) Men Proportion in % 3) Total Proportion in % 3) Total Proportion in % 3) Total Proportion in % 3)
Total number of employees 1) 979 22.81 3,313 77.19 4,292 100.00 4,223 100.00 4,115 100.00
Full- and part-time employees 1)                    
Full-time 647 15.07 3,007 70.06 3,654 85.14 3,613 85.56 3,536 85.93
Part-time 332 7.74 306 7.13 638 14.86 610 14.44 579 14.07
Employment contracts 1)                    
Temporary 28 0.65 60 1.40 88 2.05 97 2.30 100 2.43
Permanent 951 22.16 3,253 75.79 4,204 97.95 4,126 97.70 4,015 97.57
Other employees 93   123   216   210   214  
Apprentices 67   87   154   144   146 -
Interns 21   12   33   31   32 -
Workers in minor employment 5   24   29   35   36 -
Temporary workers 0   0   0   0   0 -
Total employees including other employees of FMG 1,072   3,436   4,508   4,433   4,329  
1) Reporting date: December 31: Figures exclude apprentices, workers in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns.
2) Includes all companies based at Munich Airport. Data based on 2015 employee survey. The employee survey at Munich Airport is carried out every three years. For more information on the survey, please visit www.munich-airport.de/jobmotor2016
3) All percentages are based on the total number of employees as per 1).

Employees covered by collective bargaining agreements / GRI standard 102-41; 202-01

  2017 2016 2015
  Group FMG Group FMG Group FMG
Total number of employees covered by collective bargaining agreements 9,874 4,370 8,769 4,147 8,139 4,191
Proportion of total employees in % 1) 95.93 96.94 94.23 93.55 91.40 96.81
1) All percentages are based on the total number of employees including apprentices, workers in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns.

Managers / GRI standard 405-1

Group 2017 2016 2015
    Proportion in %   Proportion in %   Proportion in %
Total managers 744 7.90 1) 676 7.92 1) 674 8.41 1)
Women 190 2.02 1) 170 1.99 1) 169 2.11 1)
Men 554 5.89 1) 506 5.93 1) 505 6.30 1)
Age structure of managers            
Under 30 years 42 5.65 2) 19 2.81 2) 26 3.86 2)
30 to 50 years 408 54.84 2) 370 54.98 2) 376 55.79 2)
Over 50 years 294 39.52 2) 282 41.72 2) 272 40.36 2)
             
FMG 2017 2016 2015
    Proportion in %   Proportion in %   Proportion in %
Total managers 406 9.46 1) 394 9.33 1) 395 9.60 1)
Women 62 1.44 1) 58 1.37 1) 55 1.34 1)
Men 344 8.01 1) 336 7.96 1) 340 8.26 1)
Age structure of managers            
Under 30 years 5 1.23 2) 5 1.27 2) 6 1.52 2)
30 to 50 years 187 46.06 2) 191 48.48 2) 195 49.37 2)
Over 50 years 214 52.71 2) 198 50.25 2) 194 49.11 2)
1) Reporting date December 31: Proportion of employees who are managers.
2) Proportion of managers relative to the total number of managers.

Age structure of employees / GRI standard 405-1

Group 2017 2016 2015
  Women Proportion in % 2) Men Proportion in % 2) Total Proportion in % 2) Total Proportion in % 2) Total Proportion in % 2)
Age structure of employees 1)                    
Under 30 years 647 6.87 869 9.23 1,516 16.11 1,401 16.48 1,259 15.71
30 to 50 years 1,778 18.89 3,235 34.37 5,013 53.26 4,510 53.05 4,422 55.16
Over 50 years 726 7.71 2,158 22.93 2,884 30.64 2,591 30.48 2,335 29.13
Total 3,151 33.47 6,262 66.53 9,413 100.00 8,502 100.00 8,016 100.00
                     
FMG 2017 2016 2015
  Women Proportion in % 2) Men Proportion in % 2) Total Proportion in % 2) Total Proportion in % 2) Total Proportion in % 2)
Age structure of employees 1)                    
Under 30 years 217 5.06 230 5.36 447 10.41 403 9.54 383 9.31
30 to 50 years 561 13.07 1,565 36.46 2,126 49.53 2,176 51.53 2,231 54.22
Over 50 years 201 4.68 1,518 35.37 1,719 40.05 1,644 38.93 1,501 36.48
Total 979 22.81 3,313 77.19 4,292 100.00 4,223 100.00 4,115 100.00
1) Reporting date: December 31: figures exclude apprentices, workers in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns.
2) All percentages are based on the total number of employees as per 1).

Parental leave taken 1) / GRI standard 401-3

Group 2017 2016 2015
  Women Men Total Total Total
Parental leave taken 126 117 243 176 179
Part-time parental leave taken 36 8 44 45 35
           
FMG 2017 2016 2015
  Women Men Total Total Total
Parental leave taken 71 67 138 115 88
Part-time parental leave taken 29 7 36 36 32
1) Number of employees who have taken parental leave in the year under review. Figures exclude apprentices, workers in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns. 2017 without HSD.

Due to the significant expense of evaluating the various parental leave models manually (duration of parental leave, split of parental leave), the number of individuals returning from parental leave, along with the number of resignations following parental leave, have not been recorded.

Employee turnover: starters and leavers 1) / GRI standard 401-1

  Starters Proportion in % 2) Leavers Proportion in % 2) Starters Leavers Starters Leavers
Starters and leavers by age group                
Under 30 years 861 39.05 513 40.46 727 502 650 414
30 to 50 years 1,077 48.84 515 40.62 574 346 491 302
Over 50 years 267 12.11 240 18.93 113 154 100 162
Total 2,205 100.00 1,268 100.00 1,414 1,002 1,241 878
Starters and leavers by gender                
Male 1,384 62.77 779 61.44 863 565 790 490
Female 821 37.23 489 38.56 551 437 451 388
                 
FMG 2017 2016 2015
  Starters Proportion in % 2) Leavers Proportion in % 2) Starters Leavers Starters Leavers
Starters and leavers by age group                
Under 30 years 133 49.63 41 18.64 103 33 117 50
30 to 50 years 122 45.52 90 40.91 125 48 82 46
Over 50 years 13 4.85 89 40.45 14 66 8 78
Total 268 100.00 220 100.00 242 147 207 174
Starters and leavers by gender                
Male 163 60.82 158 71.82 157 112 152 126
Female 105 39.18 62 28.18 85 35 55 48
1) Including apprentices, excluding workers in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns.
2) All percentages are based on the total number of starters/leavers among the employees as per 1).

Turnover rate 1) / GRI standard 401-1

  2017 2016 2015
In % Group FMG Group FMG Group FMG
Turnover rate 13.37 5.01 11.41 3.42 10.70 4.14
¹) The turnover rate reflects the ratio of leavers to the number of employees (as an annual average including apprentices and excluding workers in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns).

Average hours of training 1) / GRI standard 404-1

  2017 5) 2016 4) 2015 5), 4)
  Group FMG Group FMG Group FMG
Average hours of training per employee 18,91 13,35 15,76 12,65 12,91 11,21
Per male employee 20,43 14,51 16,91 13,96 14,26 12,62
Per female employee 15,95 9,41 12,55 7,95 9,07 5,99
Per manager 3) 17,37 13,12 23,92 12,67 17,34 7,58
Per employee (without managerial responsibilities) 21,00 16,95 15,16 12,54 12,80 11,59
1) Average number of hours spent on professional development, training, and seminars (excluding aviation security courses) per employee (excluding apprentices, employees in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns) as at the reporting date, December 31.
2) Errors identified whilst our data was being audited have been corrected.
3) First- to fourth-tier managers excluding the Executive Board at FMG.
4) Excluding Terminal 2 oHG.
5) Excluding HSD, Infogate, and FM-Bau

Occupational health and safety / GRI standard 403-2, 403-3

Group 1), 7) 2017 2016 2015 2)
Accident statistics 3)      
Reportable occupational accidents 225 195 243
Number of resulting days of absence 4) 5,761 4,331 4,873
Fatal occupational accidents 0 0 0
Rate per 1,000 workers 5) 26.63 24.50 32.51
       
Employees in ground handling in Munich 6) 2017 2016 2015
Accident statistics 3)      
Reportable occupational accidents 112 89 106
Number of resulting days of absence 4) 2,964 2,304 2,688
Fatal occupational accidents 0 0 0
Rate per 1,000 workers 5) 56.60 46.32 52.49
       
FMG 1) 2017 2016 2015
Accident statistics 3)      
Reportable occupational accidents 76 71 84
Number of resulting days of absence 4) 1,985 2,106 2,492
Fatal occupational accidents 0 0 0
Rate per 1,000 workers 5) 19.02 18.17 21.98
Employees in ground handling in Berlin 7) 2017 2016 2015
Accident statistics 3)      
Reportable occupational accidents 29    
Number of resulting days of absence 4) 820    
Fatal occupational accidents 0    
Rate per 1,000 workers 5) 66.87    
1) Including apprentices, workers in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns.
2) Errors identified whilst our data was being audited have been corrected.
3) Injuries requiring first aid are recorded as soon as employees attend Munich Airport’s medical center.
4) These are working days and are counted from the day after the occupational accident.
5) Reportable occupational accidents x 1,000 / annual average actual employee capacity (EC).
6) Ground handling employees working for FMG and employees and temporary workers at AeroGround.
7) 2017 without HSD

Aircraft handling on the ground is a critical area for occupational health and safety measures at Munich Airport. This is why FMG publishes additional accident statistics for employees who work in aircraft handling.

Sick leave 1) / GRI standard 403-2

Group 2017 2016 2015
In % Women Men Total Total Total
Illness rate 2) 7.27 8.15 7.88 3) 7.9 7.71
           
FMG 2017 2016 2015
In % Women Men Total Total Total
Illness rate 2) 5.1 8.65 7.94 8.14 8.22
¹) Including apprentices, excluding workers in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns. 2017 without Infogate, HSD and FM Bau GmbH.
²) Hours off sick in relation to planned working hours, including rehabilitation, therapy programs, treatment, and so on. Relates to the total number of employees as per ¹).
³) AeroGround Berlin and MAI are included in the total but are not shown in gender-specific terms.

Occupational illnesses 1) / GRI standard 403-2, 403-3

  2017 2016 2015
In % Group FMG Group FMG Group 2) FMG
Reported occupational illnesses 0 0 6 4 5 5
1) Including apprentices, excluding workers in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns. 2017 without HSD.

Employees with disabilities / GRI standard 405-1

Group 2017 2016 2015
Number of employees with limiting disabilities 1) 677 645 644
Employees with severe disabilities in % 2) 7.25 7.11 7.06
       
FMG 2017 2016 2015
Number of employees with limiting disabilities 2) 484 487 483
Employees with severe disabilities in % 2) 10.95 12.28 11.39
1) Degree of disability of at least 30 within the meaning of equality under Book IX of the Social Security Code.
2) Proportion of employees with disabilities as per 1) based on the average total employees, including apprentices and workers in minor employment and excluding temporary workers and interns. 2017 without HSD.

Nationalities 1) / GRI standard 405-1

Group 2017 2016 2015
  Women Men Total Proportion in % 2) Total Proportion in % 2) Total Proportion in % 2)
Employee nationalities, overall picture 3,292 6,396 9,688   8,776   8,285  
German nationals 2,605 4,886 7,491 77.32 6,920 78.85 6,775 81.77
Foreign nationals 687 1,510 2,197 22.68 1,856 21.15 1,510 18.23
Most represented groups of foreign nationals                
Turkey 74 454 528 5.45 460 5.24 432 5.21
Hungary 23 160 183 1.89 178 2.03 0 0.00
Italy 35 97 132 1.36 118 1.34 108 1.30
Romania 64 62 126 1.30 50 0.95 66 0.80
Croatia 33 84 117 1.21 - - - -
Greece 38 55 93 0.96 29 0.95 77 0.93
 
FMG 2017 2016 2015
  Women Men Total Proportion in % 2) Total Proportion in % 2) Total Proportion in % 2)
Employee nationalities, overall picture 1,046 3,400 4,446   4,367   4,261  
German nationals 993 2,981 3,974 89.38 3,898 89.26 3,806 89.32
Foreign nationals 53 419 472 10.62 469 10.74 455 10.68
Most represented groups of foreign nationals                
Turkey 1 271 272 6.12 268 6.14 270 6.34
Hungary 1 1 2 0.04 33 0.76 31 0.73
Italy 7 21 28 0.63 28 0.64 29 0.68
Romania - - - - - - - -
Croatia 1 5 6 0.13 14 0.32 13 0.31
Greece 3 15 18 0.40 19 0.44 17 0.40
1) Reporting date: December 31: Total workforce including apprentices, excluding workers in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns.
2) All percentages are based on the total number of employees as per 1).

Employees’ areas of residence 1) / GRI standard 102-8, 401-1

  Group FMG
Administrative districts 2017 Proportion in % 2) 2016 2015 2017 Proportion in % 2) 2016 2015
Freising 2,376 24.53 2,295 2,077 903 20.31 876 845
Erding 1,880 19.41 1,862 1,809 1,065 23.95 1,066 1,052
Munich 1,866 19.26 1,820 1,702 776 17.45 753 716
Landshut 1,257 12.97 1,221 1,168 696 15.65 670 649
Pfaffenhofen 147 1.52 155 141 92 2.07 92 87
Ebersberg 156 1.61     104 2.34    
Other districts 2,006 20.71 1,423 1,388 810 18.22 910 912
Total 9,688 100.00 8,776 8,285 4,446 100.00 4,367 4,261
1) Total workforce including apprentices, excluding workers in minor employment, temporary workers, and interns, who lived in each administrative district as at the reporting date of December 31.
2) All percentages are based on the total number of employees as per 1).

Environmental and climate protection

De-icers used 1) / GRI standard 301-1, 301-2; GRI AO6

  2016/2017 2015/2016 2014/2015
Apron de-icer in t 2) 3,502 2,041 3,067
Aircraft de-icer (Safewing Type I) in m³ 4,071 3,233 4,107
Aircraft de-icer (Safewing Type IV) in m³ 787 783 919
Recycling rate of Type I de-icer used in % 61.4 63.9 68
Number of days of winter operations 65 47 57
1) Seasonal database/fluctuations in year-on-year comparisons are linked to winter weather conditions.
2) Liquid potassium formate and sodium formate granules.

The company responsible for de-icing operations at Munich Airport, Gesellschaft für Enteisen und Flugzeugschleppen am Flughafen München mbH (EFM), uses glycol-based de-icer that is sprayed onto aircraft by de-icing vehicles. Low-viscosity Type I de-icer is mixed with water in a ratio of 55:45. It is then heated and applied to the aircraft at a temperature of 85 degrees Celsius. Type IV de-icer contains thickeners, making it viscous. It is sprayed on cold and undiluted.

Energy consumption and emissions 1) / GRI standard 301-1, 302-1, 302-2, 302-4, 302-5, 305-1, 305-2, 305-3

  2017 2016 2015
  GJ MWh CO₂ (t) GJ MWh CO₂ (t) GJ MWh CO₂ (t)
Scope 1: direct energy consumption/emissions                  
Natural gas gas/diesel generating sets CHPP 414 115 23 8,193 2,276 455 601,146 166,985 33,352
Natural gas gas/gasoline generating sets CHPP 1,322,438 367,344 73,395 1,273,319 353,700 70,644 608,234 168,954 33,745
Natural gas boiler plant 18,261 5,073 1,014 10,564 2,934 586 11,956 3,321 663
Fuel oil gas/diesel gensets 19,080 5,300 1,414 16,943 4,707 1,256 62,086 17,246 4,601
Fuel oil boiler plant 5,855 1,626 434 950 264 70 140 39 11
LPG 1,912 531 124 4,046 1,124 262 3,956 1,099 256
Fuel oil emergency gensets 1,584 440 117 1,526 424 113 1,958 544 145
Natural gas consumption EFM 2) 6,681 1,856 371 7,855 2,182 436 9,943 2,762 552
Diesel and gasoline 159,103 44,195 11,777 154,001 42,778 11,441 154,764 42,990 11,503
Total scope 1 1,535,329 426,480 88,668 1,477,396 410,388 85,262 1,454,184 403,940 84,826
Scope 2: Indirect energy consumption/emissions 3)                  
Purchased power 4) 268,075 74,465 43,190 278,606 77,391 45,428 292,421 81,228 49,468
Purchased district heat 5) 124,560 34,600 3,685 126,972 35,270 3,756 128,527 35,702 3,802
Purchased natural gas 6) 60,323 16,756 3,348 65,449 18,180 3,631 34,160 9,489 1,895
Power supplied to outside companies 7) -185,775 -51.604 -29,930 -191,987 -53,330 -31,305 -207,407 -57,613 -35,086
Heat supplied to outside companies -102,056 -28,349 -5,340 -131,419 -36,505 -6,799 -139,057 -38,627 -7,054
Cooling supplied to outside companies -15,540 -4,317 -501 -18,742 -5,206 -609 -21,380 -5,939 -725
Natural gas supplied to outside companies -60,323 -16,756 -3,348 -65,449 -18,180 -3,631 -34,160 -9,489 -1,895
Purchased power transmitted 8) 38,063 10,573 6,132 35,923 9,979 5,857 37,865 10,518 6,406
Total scope 2 13) 9) 9) 17,237 9) 9) 16,329 9) 9) 16,811
Scope 3: other indirect energy consumption/emissions (by third parties) 10) 10) 10) 10) 10) 10)  
Electrical energy purchases of outside companies - - 29,930 - - 31,305 - - 35,086
Heat purchases of outside companies - - 5,340 - - 6,799 - - 7,054
Cooling purchases of outside companies - - 501 - - 609 - - 725
Natural gas purchases of outside companies - - 3,348 - - 3,631 - - 1,895
Fuel for outside companies - - 7,036 - - 6,680 - - 6,806
Subtotal 9) 9) 46,154 9) 9) 49,024 9) 9) 51,565
Total annual CO₂ emissions open to influence 11) 152,059 150,614 153,202
Air traffic (LTO cycle) 12) - -   - -   - -  
Take-off - - 55,792 - - 55,337 - - 52,614
Climb out - - 94,765 - - 93,711 - - 89,241
Idle (rolling on the apron) - - 165,488 - - 162,115 - - 152,431
Approach - - 114,575 - - 113,731 - - 108,362
APUs (PCA taken into account) 14) - - 32,359 - - 39,803 - - 42,256
Engine test runs - - 793 - - 715 - - 640
Feeder traffic 15) - - 36,661 - - 39,439 - - 40,176
Total scope 3 546,588 553,874 534,744
1) Data collected and reported according to the GHG protocol WRI/WBCSD Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard. Principle of operational control applied. To the extent that they are subject to emissions trading, conversion parameters, such as heat values and emission factors in particular, are determined according to the provisions of the German Emissions Trading Authority (DEHSt). Other conversion parameters are based on the latest publications from the German Federal Environment Agency (UBA).
2) EFM: Gesellschaft für Enteisen und Flugzeugschleppen am Flughafen München (company responsible for de-icing at Munich Airport); associated company.
3) Scope 2 emissions reported using the GHG Protocol Scope 2 Guidance (2015) in accordance with the «location-based» method based on emission factors for domestic consumption in Germany, electricity mix, and district heating mix. Net scope 2 emissions with specific emission factors are 0.580 kg/kWh for electricity and 0.213 kg/kWh for district heat from fossil fuels. The total purchased district heat consists of 50 percent district heat from fossil fuels and 50 percent district heat from biomass with a specific emission factor of 0 kg/kWh.
4) 45.29 percent of electricity from renewable energy sources (as of 2017 according to Section 42 of the German Energy Act (EnWG)).
5) 50 percent of district heat is purchased from biomass directly from the biomass thermal power plant in Zolling.
6) Solely natural gas purchased (baseline year 2017); no renewable energy sources.
7) Including the quantity transmitted to outside companies.
8) Total power transmitted to outside companies and subsidiaries. The specific emission factor used for purchased power was also used here.
9) For physical reasons it is not practical to add heat, cooling energy, and electricity in energy units. The sum can only be used to draw very limited conclusions.
10) No information as values cannot be specified for all items.
11) Sum of Scope 1, Scope 2, and the subtotal of Scope 3a; this is the comparative value for the reference value taken from the baseline year of 2005 at 162,046 tonnes. The CO reference value must not be exceeded in spite of expansion plans and the expected growth.
12) Emissions calculated using the LASPORT model for classifying flight operations in accordance with the LTO cycle.
13) Scope 2 emissions calculated using the GHG Protocol Scope 2 Guidance (2015) in accordance with the «market-based» method results in a figure of 10,397 t of CO. This is based on an emission factor of 0.370 kg/kWh for the Munich Airport network. The other emission factors stated in footnote 3 remain unchanged.
14) Calculated from aircraft movements using the LASPORT model, subsequently taking into account the APU emissions avoided by using PCA systems.
15) Feeder traffic includes the road traffic caused by passengers, visitors, and employees around the airport.

Generated and purchased power / GRI standard 302-5, 305-1, 305-2, 305-5

Munich Airport produces around 80 percent of its annual heat energy requirements in the Group’s own block heat and power plant. Aside from a tiny amount that is generated in peak load boilers, the airport meets the remainder of its heating needs by purchasing district heat from a public utility company in Freising. Since early 2011, 50 percent of this purchased district heat – roughly 18 gigawatt hours (GWh) – has been generated by a biomass thermal power plant in Zolling. This procurement is secured by a long-term supply option for the coming years. This district heat obtained from biomass is renewable and climate neutral, and cuts carbon emissions by around 3,700 t per year.

Energy intensity coefficient 1) / GRI standard 302-3

In kWh/passenger 2017 2016 2015
Power consumption 5.24 5.51 5.42
1) Power consumption is responsible for more than 2/3 of the total CO2 emissions produced by energy-induced processes in the airport (excluding emissions generated by airlines). Furthermore, it is only very slightly linked to weather conditions. For this reason, the power consumption per passenger is the most useful indicator for energy consumption at Munich Airport.

The power consumption is made up of total power consumption of all buildings and installations on the campus, including hosted electricity. It includes power consumption by FMG and its subsidiaries, consumption by external companies, and all losses at the low-voltage level.

Greenhouse gas emissions intensity 1) / GRI standard 305-4

In kg/passenger 2017 2016 2015
CO2 emissions 3.41 3.56 3.74
1) The calculation of CO2 emissions per passenger enables the physically meaningful addition of the various forms of primary and secondary energy used at the airport in relation to passenger figures.

The CO
emissions from scope 1 and 2 are added, as well as power, heat, cooling energy, natural gas, and fuel consumption by external companies. The figure therefore includes all emissions that must not exceed the targets for carbon-neutral growth.

Other greenhouse gas emissions / GRI standard 305-3, 305-6

CH, NO and greenhouse gases containing fluorine in CO equivalent 1) (t) 2017 2016 2015
LTO cycle 4,342 4,285 4,061
Feeder traffic 2) 323 348 389
APUs 3) 327 402 426
Engine test run 4) 8 7 6
Small appliances 5) in buildings 656 476 409
Mobile systems (vehicles) 271 184 149
1) Conversion of emissions into CO equivalents in accordance with the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report.
2) Feeder traffic includes the traffic caused by passengers, visitors, and commuters in the area around the airport.
3) Calculated from flight movements using the LASPORT model, taking into account the APU remaining term using PCA systems.
4) Estimates.
5) Damage to a turbo chiller resulted in the leakage of 148 kg of R134a tetrafluoroethane, which had been either partially or completely combusted

Measured pollutant concentrations / GRI standard 305-7; GRI AO5

In µg/m³ Current legal annual limit value 2017 2016 2015
NO2 concentration (nitrogen dioxide) 40 22 20 20
SO2 concentration (sulfur dioxide) ¹) 20 2 2 2
PM10 concentration (particulate matter) 40 16 12 15
PM, concentration 25 11 9 11
1) Statutory threshold to protect vegetation, only strictly applicable away from urban centers and transport facilities, but complied with here as well as the immission value specified by the administrative regulation TA Luft for protecting human health (50 µg/m³).

Air pollutant emissions / GRI standard 305-7; GRI AO5

In t 2017 2016 2015
NOx – air traffic (LTO cycle) 1,556.9 1,509.2 1,450.3
NOx – feeder traffic 1) 83.8 81.1 91.3
SOx – air traffic (LTO cycle) 109.2 107.8 102.1
SOx – feeder traffic 1) 0.2 0.2 0.2
PM10 – air traffic (LTO cycle) 13.1 12.3 11.8
PM₂,₅ – feeder traffic 1) 1.2 1.5 1.5
1) Feeder traffic includes the traffic caused by passengers, visitors, and commuters in the area around the airport.

Water sources / GRI standard 303-1, 303-2

Munich Airport sources its drinking water from the Moosrain water utility company, which extracts it from the tertiary strata via seven water wells at depths of between 94 and 160 meters. The water wells are located in water protection areas at «Obere Point» (surface area 33 ha) and «Oberdingermoos» (surface area 36 ha) in the Oberding municipality.

Total drinking water consumption 1), 2) / GRI standard 303-1

  2017 2016 2015
Water purchased from utility in m3 1,016,708 1,050,791 1,042,166
Water consumption per 1,000 traffic units in m3 21.0 23.0 23.6
1) Includes all companies on the campus.
2) Values are derived as follows: Water metering in m3 measured at the drinking water feed points (transfer points at water metering shafts 1 through 4) from the Moosrain water utility company to Munich Airport.

Total wastewater supply 1), 2) / GRI standard 303-1, 306-1

  2017 2016 2015
Total wastewater discharged from Munich Airport to sewage plant of the Erdinger Moos wastewater utility company in m3 2,336,313 2,278,602 2,344,085
Wastewater consumption per 1,000 traffic units in m3 48.3 49.8 53.0
1) Includes all companies on the campus.
2) The wastewater discharged to the sewage plant consists of domestic wastewater, industrial wastewater, mixed water, and de-icing waste.

Water samples / GRI standard 303-1; GRI AO4

Under the provisions of the planning approval notice Munich Airport is required to test the water surrounding the airport. Securing evidence regarding the quantity (water level) and quality (water quality) of groundwater is particularly important. FMG measures the water levels of more than 300 groundwater and 17 surface water measurement points on an ongoing basis. Water quality is determined at 18 groundwater and eleven surface water measurement points. All implemented measures are summarized in a report, evaluated, and presented to the water authorities.

Waste 1) / GRI standard 306-2, 306-4

In t 2017 2016 2015 Point of disposal and reuse
Recycling        
Paper, cardboard, and cartons from aircraft 2) - - - Sorting facilities, paper factory in Munich/Schrobenhausen (wastepaper recycling)
Paper, cardboard, and cartons from buildings 1,574 1,654 1,653  
Mixed reclaimed materials/waste for recycling from buildings 3,026 3,038 2,993 Sorting facilities, recycling firms in Eitting, Schwaig, Moosburg, and Munich
Mixed glass 176 178 165  
Wood 357 355 294  
Bulk waste 764 634 407  
Scrap metal containing electronic waste 630 378 279  
Other recyclables 3) 212 180 189  
Total recycling 6,739 6,417 5,980  
Other form of reuse (reuse of materials/energy)        
Food waste 4) 1,123 1,024 843 Biogas plant (energy recovery)
Waste from cleaning of aircraft cabin 5) - - - Munich North power plant (energy recovery)
Waste for disposal/prohibited liquids (terminal areas) 195 196 167  
Waste for disposal from buildings 633 596 513  
Building site waste (waste from demolition, conversion, renovation, and maintenance activities) 3,127 2,247 703 Recycling/disposal firms (material recycling/pit filling)
Hazardous waste (FMG fraction only, excluding mineral wool) 257 219 276 Recycling/disposal firms (material recycling) or hazardous waste specialists in Munich and Ebenhausen (energy recovery, secondary fuels)
Of which are subject to ADR (hazardous goods) rules 6) 199 180 186  
Other waste 7) 1,259 313 429  
Total material/energy recycling 6,594 4,595 2,931  
Landfill waste        
Insulators (mineral wool) 8) 432 309 186  
Total landfill 432 309 186 Spitzlberg, Landshut landfill
Total amount 13,765 11,321 9,097  
1) All quantities refer exclusively to the disposal processes organized by FMG waste management. This refers to the total figure reported (2017: 13,765 t).
2) Disposal is no longer conducted by FMG waste management. Disposal and transport services were outsourced to a disposal company in April 2011.
3) Foil, lightweight packaging, for example.
4) Disposal of food waste from the Allresto catering area in Terminal 2 only.
5) Waste from the cleaning of aircraft cabins and catering waste is processed by a disposal firm at the Munich North waste incineration plant/at the power plant in accordance with EC Regulation 1069/2009. Disposal is no longer FMG’s responsibility and has been conducted by a specialist contractor working on behalf of the Erding animal carcass disposal association since January 2011.
6) ADR (Accord européen relatif au transport international des marchandises dangereuses par route): European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road.
7) For example runway wear, refuse, old tires, rubber waste.
8) Insulators that are collected at a disposal specialist contracted on behalf of the district of Freising and sent away for proper disposal (landfill). Figure increased in 2017 due to renovation/roof repair work (mineral wool).

Hazardous goods: checks and training courses / GRI standard 306-4

Operations at Munich Airport involve a number of substances that are harmful to the environment and water; these must be declared as hazardous goods and transported off site. The vehicles used for transporting hazardous goods were inspected to verify that they are in proper condition and are roadworthy and safe to operate. Employee training on the handling of hazardous goods is held at regular intervals in accordance with legal regulations. In the year under review, 2017, a total of 199 tonnes of waste (previous year: 180 tonnes) declared as hazardous goods were transported away for disposal.

Measured noise 1) / GRI AO7

In dB(A) 2017 2016 2015
Measurement point (nearest municipality) Night 2) Day Night 2) Day Night 2) Day
Brandstadl (municipality of Hallbergmoos) 51 59 52 59 49 58
Pallhausen (town of Freising) 46 56 46 56 44 55
Reisen (municipality of Eitting) 48 55 48 55 48 56
Viehlaßmoos (municipality of Berglern) 44 52 44 54 45 55
1) Leq3 continuous sound level in dB(A) for the six busiest months at four aircraft noise measuring stations situated on each of the main flight paths.
2) Hours from 10 p.m. to 6 a.m.

Noise complaints / GRI standard 102-44

  2017 2016 2015
Noise complaints received via telephone 248 277 174
Complainants 142 189 94

Population growth in neighboring communities 1) / GRI AO7

Number of residents 2016 2015 2014
Freising (District of Freising) 47,848 46,963 45,857
Marzling (District of Freising) 3,233 3,179 3,142
Oberding (District of Erding) 6,187 6,151 5,975
Hallbergmoos (District of Freising) 10,835 10,524 10,364
1) The reporting date is December 31 in each case. Source: Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing) – Statistikatlas Bayern (statistical atlas of Bavaria). Figures for 2017 were not available at the time of going to press.

«Green spaces» 1) belonging to the airport but outside the airport fence / GRI standard 102-7, 304-3

In ha 2017 2016 2015
Additional «green spaces» in total 751 746 746
Compensatory mitigation areas, zone III 375 3) 374 2) 374
Airport periphery, zone II 250 250 250
Ecological land reserve for future expansion measures 126 122 122
1) Green areas in Zones II and III that Flughafen München GmbH maintains as natural conservation areas (in contrast to rented farmland or other real estate).
2) Although additional compensation measures were taken over an area of 2,000 m² in 2016, this does not impact the stated number of hectares in terms of the total size.
3) Compensation areas covering 0.7 ha were commissioned and realized in 2017.

External audit

KPMG: Audit of selected information and figures from the sustainability program by KPMG AG Wirtschaftsprüfungsgesellschaft

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